Ayodele Samuel Adebayo
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How To Create An Hover Underline Animation In CSS

Ayodele Samuel Adebayo
·Jul 6, 2022·

4 min read

How To Create An Hover Underline Animation In CSS

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Table of contents

  • The HTML Part
  • Step 1 - Adding An Underline To The Anchor Tag Text
  • Step 2 - Hidding The Text Underline By Default
  • Step 3 - Displaying The Text Underline On Mouse Hover
  • Wrapping Up 🏁
  • Useful Links

The little things matter sometimes. You never know how satisfied your website visitors or clients maybe with the minor adjustments you make, like adding a Hover Underline Animation to your website.

In this tutorial, you'll learn how to improve your website links from this (an HTML link without the hover underline animation):

An HTML link without hover animation underline

To this (an HTML link with the hover underline animation):

An HTML link with hover animation underline

You can check out the Codepen here.

The HTML Part

Let's say, you have this HTML anchor tag below to navigate a user to another webpage:

<nav>
  <a href="#" class="hover-underline-animation">
    Hover on me to see the effect 🖱
  </a> 
</nav>

By default, the code above will produce this:

output of hover text underline animation

Let's add some CSS styles to them:

nav{
  background: #202020;
  padding: 10px;
}

.hover-underline-animation {
  position: relative;
  color: #FFFFFF;
  text-decoration: none;
}

From the CSS code above:

  • We gave the nav tag a blackish background color and padding to create a 10px space around its content.
  • We also made the anchor link be positioned relative because we'll later add an absolute positioned pseudo-element after it.
  • Finally, we made the anchor link white for visibility on the black background and removed the default underline with the text-decoration property.

Our anchor link should now look something like this:

output of hover text underline animation

Step 1 - Adding An Underline To The Anchor Tag Text

In order to achieve the underline effect, we'll make use of the ::after pseudo-element to create a custom underline for the anchor link because we can't really modify the default underline that comes with it and this method will make it easy to add the hover underline animation effect to any other text.

Update your CSS with the code below:

.hover-underline-animation::after {
  content: '';
  position: absolute;
  width: 100%;
  height: 2px;
  bottom: 0;
  left: 0;
  background-color: #ffff00;
  transform-origin: bottom right;
  transition: transform 0.25s ease-out;
}

From the CSS code above:

  • We targeted the ::after pseudo-element of the anchor tag to create an underline effect on the text.
  • Next, we specified the transform property of the underline to move from left to right at the bottom of the element it's positioned with the specified transition property (we'll add the transform property later).

Our anchor tag should look something like this:

output of hover text underline animation

Step 2 - Hidding The Text Underline By Default

Since we only want the anchor tag to be underlined when hovered, we can add the transform scaleX() CSS function to hide it by default.

The scaleX() CSS function defines a transformation that resizes an element along the x-axis (horizontally) - MDN

.hover-underline-animation::after{
  ...
  transform: scaleX(0);
}

Setting the scaleX(); function to 0 will make the element to be invisible. We can then increase the value when a user hovers on the anchor link.

Now we have the underline hidden by default, as shown below:

output of hover text underline animation

Step 3 - Displaying The Text Underline On Mouse Hover

The final step is to display the text underline on the mouse hover and here's what the code looks like:

.hover-underline-animation:hover::after {
  transform: scaleX(1);
}

Now, the underline should be visible on mouse hover like this:

transform bottom right

You'll notice that the underline animation only moves in one direction (came from the bottom-right and exits through the bottom-right), this is from the transform-origin property that we declared earlier.

We can improve the hover underline animation by adding the opposite value of the initial transform-origin to the hover state as well. Like this:

.hover-underline-animation:hover::after {
  ...
  transform-origin: bottom left;
}

This will make the underline come from the bottom left and then exit through the bottom right, as shown below:

An HTML link with hover animation underline

You can find the complete code here

Wrapping Up 🏁

In this tutorial, you've learned how to add a hover underline animation to improve the anchor tags and texts on your website.

  • Learn more about the scaleX CSS function here
  • Learn more about the ::before and ::after CSS pseudo elements from here

I'm glad you made it to the end of this article. If you enjoyed and learned something new from this article, I'll like to connect with you.

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